A colposcopy is a detailed examination of the cervix. It is usually performed after an abnormal smear test in order to examine more closely the cells covering the cervix to determine if any of these cells have become cancerous and therefore need to be treated.
The colposcopy is performed in a similar manner to a cervical smear. The colposcopy is simply a large magnifying glass which is used to view your cervix from the outside. The procedure should not cause any pain or discomfort.