Traditional methods of hernia repair involve pulling together the muscle and tissue. This creates tension, causing pain and a longer recovery period. Modern repairs use a synthetic mesh to "patch" the hernia in a tension free manner. These types of repair give very low recurrence rates. Various types of patch or mesh are available, and you can discuss this with your surgeon.Typically groin hernias can be repaired either laparoscopically (keyhole) or by an open technique. The laparoscopic approach is particularly favoured for recurrent or bilateral (both sides) hernias.
Most hernia surgery can be performed as day case surgery, and under local anaesthetic in many cases, depending on your general health.